Vision refers mainly to the activity connected with visual perception and the sense of sight. It concerns both physiological process and the process
of “understanding” the observed object.
The first part has been scientifically explained and is rather similar to all human creatures. However, we have chosen the second part of this phenomena as our main focus, as it is individual and subjective. We would like to extend the subject of vision to the perception of the city. In the book Image of the city, Kevin Lynch draws attention to perception of the city in mental space of its citizen. He expands the definition of the image by such terms as legibility, clarity, imageability and reference.
“The urban landscape, among its many roles, is also something to be seen, to be remembered, and to delight in. Giving visual form to the city is a special kind of design problem, and a rather new one at that”.
In renaissance, at the rise of the modern world, the perspective has been developed.This breakthrough has also been strongly supported by humanism, an ideological basis of this epoque. Humanism has derived from the concept of Roman Humanitas and the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such
as that of Protagoras, who said that “Man is the measure of all things.”
Such a perception of the world has opened new possibilities, which could be taken into consideration by designing. Urban planning was no exception in focusing on the human being and looking with man’s eyes. This period was fruitful in concepts of new cities, which had been planned not only as a whole vision, but also from human perspective.
In star-shaped renaissance city, it has been based on comprehensible distance with a designated point to focus attention. The importance of single person’s perception has been transferred from ideology to architecture.